North Korea Demographics Population Religion Percentage by City Immigrants

Last Modified: February 1, 2019 at 3:25 pm

North Korea Demographics Population Religion Percentage 2019

The demographics of North Korea are known through national censuses and international estimates. The Central BureauNorth Korea Demographics Population Religion Percentage 2017 of Statistics of North Korea conducted the most recent census in 2008, where the population reached 24 million inhabitants. The population density is 199.54 inhabitants per square kilometre, and the 2014 estimated life expectancy is 69.81 years. In 1980, the population rose at a near consistent, but low, rate (0.84% from the two censuses). Since 2000, North Korea's birth rate has exceeded its death rate; the natural growth is positive. In terms of age structure, the population is dominated by the 15–64-year-old segment (68.09%). The median age of the population is 32.9 years, and the gender ratio is 0.95 males to 1.00 female. Nowadays, North Korean women have on average 2 children, against 3 in the early 1980s.

According to The World Factbook, North Korea is racially homogeneous and contains a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese. The 2008 census listed two nationalities: Korean (99.998%) and Other (0.002%). Korea was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910, in which the Korean Peninsula was occupied by Japanese. In 1945, when Japan was defeated in World War II, Korea was divided into two occupied zones: North occupied by the Soviet Union and the South by the United States. Negotiations on unification failed, and in 1948 two separate countries were formed: North and South Korea.

North Korea demographics Population by Religion

Religion in North Korea

  Non-religious/atheist

64.30%

  Korean shamanism

16%

  Chondoism

13.50%

  Buddhism

4.50%

  Christianity

1.70%


 North Korea demographics Population by Immigrants

The foreign relations of North Korea are often tense and unpredictable. The number of foreign residents is correspondingly very small, and is essentially limited to Japanese spouses of "repatriating" Zainichi Koreans, expatriates from the People's Republic of China, foreign diplomats, and a few defectors such as James Joseph Dresnok and Joseph T. White.


 

North Korea demographics Population by Race
.

While North Korea is ethnically and linguistically homogeneous, some minorities in North Korea exist. They include groups of repatriated Koreans, small religious communities, and migrants from neighboring China and Japan.

The historical Jaegaseung ethnic group of descendants of Jurchen people used to inhabit villages of their own, under lay monastic orders, until the 1960s. These monastic communities were perceived as antisocialist and the Jaegaseung people were assimilated with the Korean people.

There is a community of ethnic Chinese people, known as huaqiao, that is in decline due to migration to China. While in the 1980s, Chinese people living in North Korea enjoyed privileged access to trips abroad, today many of them chose to seek a better life by permanently settling in China.

Some 50,000-70,000 ethnic Koreans living in China migrated to North Korea in the wake of the famine following Mao Zedong's Great Leap Forward and repression of ethnic minorities during the Cultural Revolution. The influx forced the North Korean government to construct refugee camps to house the immigrants.

North Korea Population by City
.

S.No.

Name

Population

1

Pyongyang 

3,222,000

2

Hamhung

559,056

3

Namp’o 

455,000

4

Sunch’ŏn, South Pyongan

437,000

5

Hŭngnam 

346,082

6

Kaesong 

338,155

7

Wonsan  

329,207

8

Chongjin 

327,000

9

Sariwŏn  

310,100

10

Sinuiju  

288,112

 

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