Australia Demographics Population Religion Percentage 2017 by City Immigrants

Last Modified: October 6, 2017 at 5:46 pm

Australia Demographics Population Religion Percentage 2017

Australia Demographics Population Religion Percentage 2017

The demography of Australia covers basic statistics, most populous cities, ethnicity and religion. The population of Australia is estimated to be 24,673,800 as of 5 October 2017. Australia is the 52nd most populous country in the world and the most populous Oceanian country. Its population is concentrated mainly in urban areas and is expected to exceed 28 million by 2030.

Australia's population has grown from an estimated population of between 300,000 and 1,000,000 at the time of British settlement in 1788 due to numerous waves of immigration during the period since. Also due to immigration, the European component of the population is declining as a percentage.

Australia has an average population density of 3.2 persons per square kilometre of total land area. With 89.01% of its population living in urban areas, Australia is one of the world's most urbanised countries. The life expectancy of Australia in 1999–2001 was 79.7 years, among the highest in the world.


Australia demographics Population by Religion

Religion in Australia as declared in the census

  Catholic Church 

22.60%

  Anglicanism 

13.30%

  Other Christian 

16.30%

  Islam 

2.60%

  Buddhism 

2.40%

  Hinduism 

1.90%

  Other religions

1.70%

  No religion 

30.10%

  Not stated or unclear

9.60%


 Australia demographics Population by Immigrants

Immigration to Australia is considered part of the history of human migration that started in Africa. The immigration history of Australia began with the initial human migration to the continent around 50,000 years ago when the ancestors of Australian Aborigines arrived on the continent via the islands of Maritime Southeast Asia and New Guinea.

Permanent European settlement began in 1788 with the establishment of a British penal colony in New South Wales. From early federation in 1901, Australia maintained the White Australia Policy, which was abolished after World War II. Since 1945, more than 7 million people have settled in Australia. From the late 1970s, there was a significant increase in immigration from Asian and other non-European countries, making Australia a multicultural country.

Net overseas migration has increased from 30,042 in 1992–93 to 178,582 persons in 2015–16. The largest components of immigration are the skilled migration and family re-union programs. A 2014 sociological study concluded that: "Australia and Canada are the most receptive to immigration among western nations".

Australia is a signatory to the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and has resettled many asylum seekers. In recent years, Australia's policy of mandatory detention of unauthorised arrivals by boat has attracted controversy.


 Australia demographics Population by Race
.

Ethnic Group

Percentage

Caucasian

92%

Asian

7%

Aboriginal & Other

1%

 


Australia Population by City
.

Name

Population 

Sydney

4,627,345

Melbourne

4,246,375

Brisbane

2,189,878

Perth

1,896,548

Adelaide

1,225,235

Gold Coast

591,473

Canberra

367,752

Newcastle

308,308

Wollongong

292,190

Logan City

282,673

 

 

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