Poland Muslim Population Percentage 2019 By City Demographics Religion

Poland Muslim Population Percentage 2019 By City Demographics Religion

A continuous presence of Islam in Poland began in the 14th century. From this time it was primarily associated with the Tatars, many of whom settled in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth while continuing their traditions and religious beliefs. The first significant non-Tatar groups of Muslims arrived in Poland in the 1970s.

Today, around 0.1% of the population in Poland is Muslim. The majority of Muslims in Poland are Sunni
Although Muslims make up only around 35,000 of a 38 million population, Poles believe that their number is actually 2.6 million, which would make the Polish Muslim population one of the largest in the European Union after France, Germany and the UK.
Also People in Poland believe that the number of Muslims in the country will grow to up to 13% by 2020.

The demographics of Poland constitute all demographic features of the population of Poland, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.Ethnically, Poland is a very homogeneous country, with 96.7% of population being Polish. 

A number of censuses have assessed this data, including a national census in 2002, and a survey by the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights (HFHR), which confirmed there are numerous autochthonous ethnic groups in Poland. Estimates by INTEREG and Eurominority present a similar demographic picture of Poland but they provide estimates only for the most numerous of these ethnic groups.

Poland is aging rapidly. In 1950, the median age was 25.8: half of the Polish population was younger, half older. Today it is 38.2. If current trends continue, it will be 51 by 2050. As the population is aging, it has also started to decline mainly due to low birth rates and continued emigration which is impacting the economy. The number of children born in Polish families (TFR of 1.31, down from 2 in 1990) is one of the lowest in Eastern Europe.


Polish Poland demographics Population by Religion











Islam 0.1%




Immigrant Population divided by Region


Census 2011[15]























 United Kingdom




































Polish Poland demographics Population by Race

Polish 98%, other 2%; note: the Polish government states there are no ethnic divisions in Poland

Polish Population by City




Population   Estimate 31/12/2015





































Spanish general Election​ 2019 Voting Results Candidates Live

Spanish general Election​ 2019 Voting Results Candidates Live

Spanish general Election Dates 2019

Spanish general Election Date: 10 November 2019 

Spanish general Election​ 2019 Voting Results Candidates Live Details can be found here. The November 2019 Spanish general election will be held on Sunday, 10 November 2019, to elect the 14th Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain. All 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies will be up for election, as well as 208 of 266 seats in the Senate.

The election will be held as provided under article 99.5 of the Spanish Constitution, as a result of the failure in government formation negotiations after Pedro Sánchez's failed investiture voting on 23–25 July 2019. On 17 September 2019, King Felipe VI declined to propose any candidate for investiture ahead of the 23 September deadline as a result of the lack of agreement between parties, with a new general election being scheduled for 10 November. The failure in PSOE–Unidas Podemos negotiations prompted former Podemos founder Íñigo Errejón to turn his regional Más Madrid platform—which had obtained a remarkable result in the 26 May Madrilenian regional election—into a national alliance under the newly-created brand of Más País, comprising a number of regional parties and former Podemos and United Left allies, such as Coalició Compromís, Equo or Chunta Aragonesista.

Spanish general Election Voting Live 2019

1Spain likely to return to the polls in November after-party talks fail.

2. Spanish King Asks Whether It’s Election Time Again for Sanchez.

3. Spanish General Election Candidates Clash over Catalonia.

  • Spanish voters are heading back to the polls on Sunday (10 November) for the fourth general election in less than four years

Spain Important Political Information Updates



The Electoral system of Spanish

The Spanish Cortes Generales is envisaged as an imperfect bicameral system. The Congress of Deputies has greater legislative power than the Senate, having the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a Prime Minister and to override Senate vetoes by an absolute majority of votes. Nonetheless, the Senate possesses a few exclusive, yet limited in number functions—such as its role in the constitutional amendment—which are not subject to the Congress' override. Voting for the Cortes Generales is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights. Additionally, Spaniards abroad are required to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto Rogado).

Spanish Parties and leaders


Name of The Party Name of The Leader
PSOE Pedro Sánchez
PP Pablo Casado
Cs Albert Rivera
Unidas Podemos Pablo Iglesias
Vox Santiago Abascal
ERC–Sobiranistes Oriol Junqueras

Spanish election results 





















Romanian Presidential Election​ 2019 Voting Results Candidates Live

Romanian Presidential Election​ 2019 Voting Results Candidates Live

Romanian Presidential Election Dates 2019

Romanian Presidential Election Date: 10 November 2019 

Presidential elections will be held in Romania on 10 November 2019, with a possible second round on 24 November 2019. President Klaus Iohannis who was elected in 2014, is eligible for re-election.

Romania elects on a national level a head of state – the president – and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people (after a change from four-year terms after the 2004 election). The Romanian Parliament (Parlamentul României) has two chambers. The Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaţilor) has currently 329 members (after the last legislative elections), elected for a four-year term by party-list proportional representation on closed lists. The Senate (Senatul) has currently 136 members (after the last legislative elections), elected for a four-year term by party-list proportional on closed lists.representation

Romania has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

On 25 November 2007, for the first time, Romanians elected their representatives to the European Parliament.

Romania Demographics Population Religion Percentage 2019

Romanian Presidential Election Voting Live 2019

1. Romania presidential elections 2019: New poll shows the actor in front of PM, the opposition party leader.

2. Romania’s Government Is Toppled in No-Confidence Vote.

3. Romania presidential elections 2019: Eight presidential candidates earn more than Romania’s president


The Electoral system of Romania

The President is elected in a two-round system for a five-year term. If one candidate obtains a majority of 50%+1 of all registered voters in the first round, he or she is declared the winner. If none of the candidates achieves this, then a run-off is held between the two contenders with the top scores in the first round. The candidate who obtains any majority of votes in the run-off is declared the winner.

The term of the president is five years. Between 1992 and 2004 the term was of four years but was increased following the 2003 Constitutional referendum. One person can serve a maximum of two terms, that may be consecutive.

In order to be able to run for the Office of President a candidate must fulfil the following conditions: be a Romanian citizen, be at least 35 years of age (at least on the day of the election), and not have held the office for two terms since 1992, when the 1991 Constitution took effect.

Romania Parties and leaders


Name of The Party Name of The Leader
Independent Klaus Iohannis
PSD Viorica Dăncilă
USR Dan Barna
Independent Mircea Diaconu
PMP Theodor Paleologu
UDMR Kelemen Hunor


Romania past election results 


Candidate Party First-round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Klaus Iohannis Christian Liberal Alliance (PNL–PDL) 2,881,406 30.37 6,288,769 54.43
Victor Ponta PSD–UNPR–PC Alliance 3,836,093 40.44 5,264,383 45.56
Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu Independent 508,572 5.36  
Elena Udrea PMP–PNȚCD Alliance 493,376 5.20
Monica Macovei Independent 421,648 4.44
Dan Diaconescu People's Party – Dan Diaconescu 382,526 4.03
Corneliu Vadim Tudor Greater Romania Party 349,416 3.68
Hunor Kelemen Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 329,727 3.47
Teodor Meleșcanu Independent 104,131 1.09
Zsolt Szilágyi Hungarian People's Party of Transylvania 53,146 0.56
Gheorghe Funar Independent 45,405 0.47
William Brînză Romanian Ecologist Party 43,194 0.45
Constantin Rotaru Socialist Alternative Party 28,805 0.30
Mirel Mircea Amariței PRODEMO Party 7,895 0.08
Invalid/blank votes 237,761 166,111
Total 9,723,232 100 11,719,344 100
Registered voters/turnout 18,284,066 53.17 18,280,994 64.10

Gibraltar general Election 2019 Voting Live

Gibraltar general Election 2019 Voting Live

Gibraltar general Election Dates 2019

Gibraltar general Election Date: 13 October 2019 

The Gibraltar general election of 2019 to elect all 17 members to the 4th Gibraltar Parliament is scheduled to take place on Thursday 17 October 2019. Chief Minister Fabian Picardo announced the date of the election on Monday 16 September 2019.

Gibraltar general Election Voting Live 2019 


2. Gibraltar election CALLED: Parliament dissolved – 'Need strong leadership for Brexit'.

3. GSLP reveals its Election Manifesto ahead of Gibraltar elections.

The Electoral system of Gibraltar 

Under section 38(2) of the Gibraltar Constitution Order 2006, the parliament must be dissolved by the Governor four years after its first meeting following the last election (unless the Chief Minister advises the Governor to dissolve parliament sooner). Under section 37 of the Constitution, writs for a general election must be issued within thirty days of the dissolution and the general election must then be held no later than three months after the issuing of a writ. In October 2015, Chief Minister Fabian Picardo announced that the election would take place on 26 November. Following the British tradition, elections in Gibraltar conventionally take place on a Thursday.

Gibraltar general Parties and leaders



Gibraltar past election results 

Party Votes % +/– Seats % +/–
Alliance Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party 70,551 47.8 +13.6 7 41.2 ±0
Liberal Party of Gibraltar 30,399 20.6 +6.0 3 17.6 ±0
Total Alliance 100,950 68.4 +19.6 10 58.8 ±0
Gibraltar Social Democrats 46,545 31.6 -15.2 7 41.2 ±0
Total 147,495 100 17 100
Valid votes 15,578 94.6
Invalid/blank votes 897 5.4
Total votes cast 16,475 100
Registered voters/turnout 23,278 70.8

Polish (Poland) Parliamentary Election 2019 Voting Live

Polish Parliamentary Election 2019 Voting Live

Polish Parliamentary Election Dates 2019

Polish Parliamentary Election Date: 13 October 2019 

The next Polish parliamentary elections will be held on 13 October 2019. All 460 members of the Sejm and 100 senators will be elected.

Elections in Poland refers to the election process as well as the election results in Poland. Poland has a multi-party political system. On the national level, Poland elects the head of state – the president – and a legislature. There are also various local elections, referendums and elections to the European Parliament.

Poland has a long history of public elections dating back several centuries, beginning with the elections to Sejm in Łęczyca (known as the First Sejm) in 1182. Notably, since the Sejm of 1493, Polish kings were obliged to call regular Sejms and regional elections (sejmiks) every two years. From 1573 until 1795 the state system of elective monarchy in Poland required the royal elections of monarchs as well during the Sejm proceedings.

The first modern and free elections in 20th-century-Poland were held in 1919, two months after Poland regained independence in 1918 from over more than a century of foreign partitions and colonization efforts by Austria, Prussia, and the Russian Empire. After the Second World War, Poland fell into the Soviet sphere of influence as a satellite state and became controlled by the communists, who rigged the elections of 1947 to ensure they controlled the entire Polish government. There were regular elections in Poland from that time on; however, no elections until the groundbreaking elections of 1989, marking the fall of communism, were free. The Polish communists secured a majority of the lower house seats in 1989, but also, for the first time in the Eastern Bloc history, allowed opposition parties to gain representation; therefore the election was semi-free. All subsequent elections, beginning with the 1991 election are considered fair and free.

Polish Parliamentary Election Voting Live 2019

1. The parliamentary election in Poland-the future at stake.

2. Poland’s drift to right divides young male and female voters.

3. In Poland’s Upcoming Election, the Law and Justice Party Are Demonizing the LGBT Community to Win.


The Electoral system of Polish

The 460 members of the Sejm are elected by open party-list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies. Seats are allocated using the D'hondt method, with a 5% threshold for single parties and 8% threshold for coalitions (although requirements waived for national minorities). The Senate is elected using first-past-the-post voting in single-member districts. Candidates for Deputies are nominated either by the electoral committees of the various political parties and or by individual voter committees.

Overall, the Sejm includes 460 MPs. Should a party have 231 or more deputies in Parliament, it has an absolute majority and could thus govern autonomously, without a coalition partner. The constitution can be amended with a supermajority of two-thirds of 307 deputies.

Polish Parties and leaders


Name of the Party Name of the Leader
Polish Coalition Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz
Law and Justice Jarosław Kaczyński
The Left Włodzimierz Czarzasty
Confederation Janusz Korwin-Mikke
Civic Coalition Grzegorz Schetyna

Polish past election results 

Parties Sejm Senate
Votes Seats Seats
Law and Justice (Prawo I Sprawiedliwość, PiS) 5,711,687

235 / 460

61 / 100

Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO) 3,661,474

138 / 460

34 / 100

Kukiz'15 (K'15) 1,339,094

42 / 460

Modern (Nowoczesna, .N) 1,155,370

28 / 460

United Left (Zjednoczona Lewica, ZL) 1,147,102
Polish People's Party (Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, PSL) 779,875

16 / 460

1 / 100

Korwin 722,999
Together (Partia Razem) 550,349
Regional committees
Committee of Zbigniew Stonoga (KWW ZS) 42,731
German Minority (Mniejszość Niemiecka, MN) 27,530

1 / 460

United for Silesia (Zjednoczeni DLA Śląska, ZdŚ) 18,668
JOW Bezpartyjni 15,656
Committee of Grzegorz Braun "God Bless You!" (Szczęść Boże!) 13,113
Congress of the New Right (Kongres Nowej Prawicy, KNP) 4,852
Self-Defence (Samoobrona) 4,266
Social Movement of the Republic of Poland (Ruch Społeczny) 3,941
Citizens to Parliament (Obywatele do Parlamentu, ODP) 1,964
Independents (Niezależni) N/A N/A

4 / 100

Total 15,200,671 460 100

Belarusian Parliamentary Election 2019 Voting Live

Belarusian Parliamentary Election 2019 Voting Live

Belarusian Parliamentary Election Dates 2019

Belarusian Parliamentary Election Date:  17th November 2019 

Parliamentary elections are scheduled to be held in Belarus on 17 November 2019.


Belarus elects on national level a head of state – the president – and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people. The National Assembly has two chambers. The House of Representatives has 110 members elected in single-seat constituencies elected for a four-year term. The Council of the Republic has 64 members, 56 members indirectly elected and eight members appointed by the president.

Belarus is a state in which the president, currently Alexander Lukashenko, dominates. Opposition parties are allowed but are widely considered to have no real chance of gaining power. A report by the Electoral Integrity Project, reviewing worldwide elections for 2015 and released on February 2016, evaluated Belarus as a state "failing to meet international standards of electoral integrity."

Belarusian Parliamentary Election Voting Live 2019

1. Belarusian Parliamentary Elections 2019 will be held on 17th November 2019.

2. Belarus-Russia Relations: disagreements on integration

3. Lukashenka Calls Belarus's Next Presidential Election For 2020.

The Electoral system of Belarus

The 110 members of the House of Representatives are elected from single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting.

Belarus Parties and leaders



Belarusian past election results 

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Communist Party of Belarus 380,770 7.40 8 +5
Liberal Democratic Party 218,081 4.24 1 +1
Republican Party of Labour and Justice 147,378 2.87 3 +2
United Civic Party 111,227 2.16 1 New
Belarusian Patriotic Party 111,045 2.16 3 New
BPF Party 88,511 1.72 0 0
Belarusian Left Party "A Just World" 72,185 1.40 0 0
Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Assembly) 66,381 1.29 0 0
Belarusian Green Party 9,038 0.18 0 New
Independents 3,445,562 67.01 94 –11
Against all 491,986 9.57
Invalid/blank votes 69,707
Total 5,211,871 100 110 0
Registered voters/turnout 6,978,490 74.68

Portuguese Legislative Election 2019 Voting Live

Portuguese Legislative Election 2019 Voting Live

Portuguese Legislative Election 2019 Voting Live 

Portuguese Legislative Election Date:  6 October 2019

The Portuguese legislative election of 2019 was held on 6 October 2019. All 230 seats to the Assembly of the Republic were at stake.

The Socialist Party (PS) won the elections with almost 37% of the votes and gained, until now and when the overseas voting is still to be counted, 106 seats, a gain of 20 compared with 2015. The PS won the big districts of Porto and Lisbon, although Porto was closer than expected, and was able to gain districts from the PSD, like Aveiro and Viana do Castelo, however, by razor-thin margins. The PS won Lisbon city, however with a smaller share of the vote compared with 2015, 33% vs 35%, and, surprisingly, lost Porto city to the PSD.

The Social Democratic Party (PSD) got 28% of the votes and won 77 seats, with overseas voting still out. The party lost 9 seats compared with 2015, and, in terms of share of vote, it was the worst result since 1983, however in terms of seats, it was the worst result since 2005 when the party won 75 seats. The PSD was able to hold won to their bastion of Viseu, Vila Real, Braganza, Leiria and Madeira. On election night, PSD leader Rui Rio classified the results as "not a disaster" and left the door open to continue as party leader. But, many in the party, days after the election, accuse him of being a loser and want new leadership.

The Left Bloc (BE) achieved basically the same results as of 2015. They won almost 10% of the votes and held on to the 19 seats they've got in 2015. On election night, Catarina Martins said she was open to new negotiations with the PS. CDU, PCP-PEV coalition, suffered heavy losses by achieving their worst results in history, just 6.5% of the votes and 12 seats, and Jerónimo de Sousa, PCP leader, said on election night, that written agreements with the PS are off the table. CDS – People's Party was without any doubt the biggest loser in these elections. The party also achieved their worst result in history, 4.3% of the votes, and got a parliamentary caucus reduced to just 5 seats, the lowest since 1991 and when the party was called the "taxi party". Assunção Cristas, CDS leader, resigned on election night and called for a new congress and announced she would not run for reelection. People-Animals-Nature (PAN) saw a big increase in its share of the vote, winning 3.3% and 4 seats, from Lisbon, Porto and Setúbal.

This election was marked by the entry of 3 new parties in Parliament. The right-wing/far-right party Enough! (CH) was one of the big surprises on election night by electing an MP from Lisbon. It's the first time in Portuguese democracy that a right-wing/far-right party is represented in Parliament. LIVRE and Liberal Initiative also elected one MP from Lisbon. Another surprise was the big failure of former Prime Minister and PSD leader Pedro Santana Lopes new party, Alliance, as it failed to win a single seat and polled bellow 1% of the votes.

The turnout in these elections is expected to be the lowest ever in general elections in Portugal and bellow 50% when the overseas voting is counted. In Portugal alone, 54.5% of voters cast a ballot, a drop compared with the 57% in the 2015 elections.

Portuguese Legislative Election Voting Live 2019

1. Portuguese Legislative Election will be held on 6 October 2019.

2. Portugal splashes the cash ahead of elections-The government is pumping money into railways, airports and urban mobility.

3. Pre-Election Political Infighting Drives Huge Public Sector Strikes in Portugal.

The Electoral system of Portugal

The Parliament of the Portuguese Republic consists of a single chamber, the Assembly of the Republic, composed of 230 members directly elected by universal adult suffrage for a maximum term of four years. Assembly members represent the entire country, rather than the constituencies in which they were elected. Governments do not require absolute majority support of the Assembly to hold office, as even if the number of opposers of government is larger than that of the supporters, the number of opposers still needs to be equal or greater than 116 (absolute majority) for both the Government's Programme to be rejected or for a motion of no confidence to be approved.

Each one of Portugal's eighteen administrative districts, as well as each one of the country's two autonomous regions – the Azores and Madeira – is an electoral constituency. Portuguese voters residing outside the national territory are grouped into two electoral constituencies – Europe and the rest of the world – each one of which elects two Assembly members. The remaining 226 seats are allocated among the national territory constituencies in proportion to their number of registered electors.

Political parties and party coalitions may present lists of candidates. The lists are closed, so electors may not choose individual candidates in or alter the order of such lists. Electors cast a ballot for a single list. The seats in each constituency are apportioned according to the largest average method of proportional representation (PR), conceived by the Belgian mathematician Victor D'Hondt in 1899. Although there is no statutory threshold for participation in the allocation of Assembly seats, the application of the D'Hondt method introduces a de facto threshold at the constituency level.


Portugal election results 2019

Parties Votes % MPs MPs %/
votes %
2015 2019 %
Socialist 1,866,407 36.65 86 106 46.90 1.28
Social Democratic 1,420,553 27.90 89 77 33.47 1.20
Left Bloc 492,487 9.67 19 19 8.41 0.87
Unitary Democratic Coalition 329,117 6.46 17 12 5.31 0.82
People's 216,448 4.25 18 5 2.21 0.52
People–Animals–Nature 166,854 3.28 1 4 1.77 0.54
Enough 66,442 1.30 N/A 1 0.44 0.34
Liberal Initiative 65,545 1.29 N/A 1 0.44 0.34
LIVRE 55,656 1.09 0 1 0.44 0.40
Alliance 39,316 0.77 N/A 0 0.00 0.00
React, Include, Recycle 34,638 0.68 N/A 0 0.00 0.00
Portuguese Workers' Communist 34,572 0.68 0 0 0.00 0.0
National Renovator 15,272 0.30 0 0 0.00 0.0
Earth 11,622 0.23 0 0 0.00 0.0
We, the Citizens! 11,239 0.22 0 0 0.00 0.0
United Party of Retirees and Pensioners 10,424 0.20 0 0 0.00 0.0
Together for the People 9,945 0.20 0 0 0.00 0.0
Democratic Republican 9,217 0.18 0 0 0.00 0.0
People's Monarchist 7,875 0.15 0 0 0.00 0.0
Labour 7,499 0.15 0 0 0.00 0.0
Socialist Alternative Movement 3,158 0.06 0 0 0.00 0.0
Yet to be declared       4    
Total valid 4,874,286 95.71 230 230 100.00
Blank ballots 129,599 2.54  
Invalid ballots 88,539 1.74
Total 5,092,424 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 9,343,084 54.50


Portugal Parties and leaders


Name Ideology Leader Current
PPD/PSD Social Democratic Party
Partido Social Democrata
Liberal conservatism Rui Rio

89 / 230

CDS-PP CDS – People's Party
Centro Democrático e Social – Partido Popular
Christian democracy Assunção Cristas

18 / 230

PS Socialist Party
Partido Socialista
Social democracy António Costa

85 / 230

BE Left Bloc
Bloco de Esquerda
Democratic socialism Catarina Martins

19 / 230

PCP Portuguese Communist Party
Partido Comunista Português
Communism Jerónimo de Sousa

15 / 230

PEV Ecologist Party "The Greens"
Partido Ecologista "Os Verdes"
Eco-socialism Heloísa Apolónia

2 / 230

PAN People-Animals-Nature
Green politics
Animal welfare
André Lourenço e Silva

1 / 230

Ind. Independent
Paulo Trigo Pereira (left the PS caucus)

1 / 230

Portugal past election results 

Parties Votes %
Portugal Ahead (PSD / CDS–PP) 1,993,504 36.86
Socialist 1,747,730 32.32
Left Bloc 550,945 10.19
Unitary Democratic Coalition 445,901 8.25
Social Democratic 80,841 1.49
People-Animals-Nature 75,170 1.39
Democratic Republican 61,920 1.13
Portuguese Workers' Communist 60,045 1.11
FREE/Time to move forward 39,330 0.73
National Renovator 27,286 0.50
Earth 22,627 0.42
We, the Citizens! 21,382 0.40
Labour / Socialist Alternative (ACT!) 20,793 0.38
People's Monarchist 14,916 0.28
Together for the People 14,275 0.26
United Party of Retirees and Pensioners 13,899 0.26
People's 7,496 0.14
People's / People's Monarchist 3,624 0.07
Christian Democratic and Citizenship 2,685 0.05
Labour 1,744 0.03
Total valid 5,206,113 96.27
Blank ballots 112,955 2.09
Invalid ballots 89,024 1.65
Total (turnout 55.84%) 5,408,092 100.00



Austrian Legislative Election 2019 Voting Live

Austrian Legislative Election 2019 Voting Live

Austrian Legislative Election 2019 Voting Live 

Austrian Legislative Election Date: 29 September 2019 

The 2019 Austrian legislative election will be held on 29 September and will elect the 27th National Council. This snap election was called in the wake of the collapse of the ruling ÖVP–FPÖ coalition and the announcement of Vice Chancellor Heinz-Christian Strache's resignation on 18 May 2019, following the Ibiza affair.

Austrian Legislative Election Voting Live 2019

1. Austrian Legislative Election will be held on 28 September 2019.

2. Austrian right-wing official expects strong election result despite the corruption scandal.

3. Austria’s Sebastian Kurz surges ahead in polls.

The Electoral system of Austria

The 183 members of the National Council are elected by open list proportional representation at the level of one federal constituency consisting of all of Austria, 9 state constituencies, and 39 regional constituencies. The number of seats elected by each constituency is determined in accordance with the results of the most recent census. Seats are allocated in a three-stage process, from regional constituencies to state constituencies to the federal constituency. For parties to receive seats in the National Council, they must either win a seat in at least one constituency or clear a 4 per cent national electoral threshold. Seats are distributed according to the Hare method in the first two stages, at the level of regional and state constituencies, with the remaining constituencies allocated using the D'Hondt method at the federal level to ensure proportionality with the election result.

In addition to voting for a national party list, voters have the option of casting three preferential votes capable of changing the order of precedence for candidates on a party list: one each at the federal, state, and regional level. The threshold to increase the position of a candidate on a federal party list is 7 per cent, compared to 10 per cent at the state level and 14 per cent at the regional level. Preferential votes for candidates on regional party lists may be indicated by marking the given spot on the ballot, whereas the name or ranking number must be provided for preferential votes for party-list candidates on the state and federal level.

Austria Parties and leaders


Name Ideology Leader
ÖVP Austrian People's Party
Österreichische Volkspartei
Christian democracy Sebastian Kurz
SPÖ Social Democratic Party of Austria
Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs
Social democracy Pamela Rendi-Wagner
FPÖ Freedom Party of Austria
Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs
Right-wing populism
Norbert Hofer
NEOS NEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum
NEOS – Das Neue Österreich und Liberales Forum
Beate Meinl-Reisinger
JETZT – Liste Pilz
Left-wing populism
Green politics
Maria Stern

Austria past election results 

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) 1,595,526 31.5 62 +15
Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) 1,361,746 26.9 52 0
Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) 1,316,442 26.0 51 +11
NEOS – The New Austria (NEOS) 268,518 5.3 10 +1
Peter Pilz List (PILZ) 223,543 4.4 8 New
The Greens – The Green Alternative (GRÜNE) 192,638 3.8 0 –24
My Vote Counts! (G!LT) 48,234 1.0 0 New
Communist Party of Austria Plus (KPÖ+) 39,689 0.8 0 0
The Whites (WEIßE) 9,167 0.2 0 New
Free List Austria (FLÖ) 8,889 0.2 0 New
New Movement for the Future (NBZ) 2,724 0.1 0 New
Homeless in Politics (ODP) 761 0.0 0 New
Socialist Left Party (SLP) 713 0.0 0 0
EU Exit Party (EUAUS) 693 0.0 0 0
Christian Party of Austria (CPÖ) 425 0.0 0 0
Men's Party (M) 221 0.0 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 50,952
Total 5,120,881 100 183 0
Registered voters/turnout 6,400,993 80.0


Ukrainian Parliamentary Election 2019 Voting Live

Ukrainian Parliamentary Election 2019 Voting Live

Ukrainian Parliamentary Election 2019 Voting Live

Ukrainian Parliamentary Election Date: 21 July 2019 

Snap elections to the Ukrainian parliament are set to be held on 21 July 2019. Originally scheduled to be held at the end of October, these elections were brought forward after newly inaugurated President Volodymyr Zelensky dissolved parliament early, despite claims that he did not have the legal grounds to do this. The elections may still take place in October if the Constitutional Court of Ukraine rules in favour of a lawsuit that calls Zelensky's decree (calling early elections) illegal; the ruling must be announced before 29 June. Due to the short period of time available to organize the election, current Ukrainian public procurement laws were not followed and to bypass this, local election commissions will work under deferred payment.

Under current election laws, 225 members of the Verkhovna Rada are elected by nationwide closed party-list proportional representation with 5% electoral election threshold and the other 225 seats elected in constituencies with a first-past-the-post electoral system in one round (candidate with the highest vote total wins).

Due to the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia and the occupation of parts of Donetsk Oblast and Luhansk Oblast by separatists (since April 2014), only 424 seats in Verkhovna Rada can currently be elected under current laws and roughly 12 per cent of voting-age citizens cannot participate in the elections.

As of 17 June 2019, the Central Election Commission has registered 461 candidates for the elections as well as the party list of Civil Position.

Ukrainian Parliamentary Election Voting Live 2019

1. Ukrainian Parliamentary Election will be held on 21 July 2019.

2. Central Election Committee registers seven parties to run during the parliamentary election in Ukraine.

3. Tymoshenko speaks of her premieral ambitions.

The Electoral system of Ukraine

Candidates had until 20 June to submit documents to the Central Election Commission of Ukraine to register as candidates for the position of deputy of the Verkhovna Rada. On 25 June 2019, the Central Election Commission ended its registration process. It registered 5,845 candidates for the elections: 3,171 candidates in the single-member constituencies and 2,674 candidates in the single nationwide constituency with 22 parties.

Since 2014, various politicians have proposed to reform the electoral system to 100% party-list proportional representation with open lists. President Zelensky is the main proponent. The proposal is opposed by Yulia Tymoshenko. A vote on the proposal (authored by the president) was supposed to take place on 22 May 2019, but members of parliament voted against including it in the agenda.

Ukraine election results 2019

Party Votes %
Servant of the People 2,705,430 42.12
Opposition Platform — For Life 818,756 12.69
European Solidarity 315,251 8.70
Fatherland 297,146 8.20
Voice 232,235 6.41
Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko 144,582 3.99
Strength and Honor 134,835 3.72
Opposition Bloc 117,429 3.24
Freedom 147,413 2.34
Party of Shariy 80,522 2.22
Ukrainian Strategy of Groysman 79,180 2.18
Civil Position 39,177 1.08
Self Reliance 25,878 0.71
Party of Greens of Ukraine 24,457 0.67
Agrarian Party 17,139 0.47
Movement of New Forces 17,124 0.47
Power of People 7,198 0.19
Power of Law 5,093 0.14
Social Justice 4,565 0.12
Patriot 4,107 0.11
Independence 2,127 0.05
Torch 2,106 0.05
Total valid votes   100


Ukraine Party & Candidates 

Name of the Party Name of the Candidate
European Solidarity Petro Poroshenko
People's Front Arseniy Yatsenyuk
Opposition Bloc — Party of Peace and Development Borys Kolesnikov
Self Reliance Andriy Sadovyi
Radical Party Oleh Lyashko
Fatherland Yulia Tymoshenko
Freedom Oleh Tyahnybok
Servant of the People Dmytro Razumkov
Opposition Platform — For life Vadim Rabinovich

Ukraine past election results 

Candidate Party Votes %
Petro Poroshenko Independent 9,857,308 54.70
Yulia Tymoshenko All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" 2,310,050 12.81
Oleh Lyashko Radical Party 1,500,377 8.32
Anatoliy Hrytsenko Civil Position 989,029 5.48
Serhiy Tihipko Independent 943,430 5.23
Mykhailo Dobkin Party of Regions 546,138 3.03
Vadim Rabinovich Independent 406,301 2.25
Olga Bogomolets Independent 345,384 1.91
Petro Symonenko Communist Party of Ukraine 272,723 1.51
Oleh Tyahnybok All-Ukrainian Union "Svoboda" 210,476 1.16
Dmytro Yarosh Right Sector 127,772 0.70
Andriy Hrynenko Independent 73,277 0.40
Valeriy Konovalyuk Independent 69,572 0.38
Yuriy Boyko Independent 35,928 0.19
Mykola Malomuzh Independent 23,771 0.13
Renat Kuzmin Independent 18,689 0.10
Vasyl Kuybida People's Movement of Ukraine 12,391 0.06
Oleksandr Klymenko Ukrainian People's Party 10,542 0.05
Vasyl Tsushko Independent 10,434 0.05
Volodymyr Saranov Independent 6,232 0.03
Zoryan Shkiryak Independent 5,021 0.02
Invalid/blank votes 244,659 1.35
Total 18,019,504 100
Registered voters/turnout 29,625,200 (without FED)
60.19 (without FED)

Greek Parliamentary Election 2019 Voting Live

Greek Parliamentary Election 2019 Voting Live

Greek Parliamentary Election 2019 Voting Live

Greek Parliamentary Election Date: 7 July 2019 

The 2019 Greek legislative election will be held on 7 July 2019. All 300 seats in the Hellenic Parliament will be contested. It will be the first national election in Greece where the voting age will be lowered to 17, and the number of parliamentary constituencies was increased from 56 to 59. Athens B, the largest constituency with 44 seats before the 2018 reform, was broken up into smaller constituencies, the largest of which has 18 seats.

On 26 May 2019, following his defeat in the 2019 European Parliament election in Greece, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras announced that a snap election would be held as soon as possible following the second round of the 2019 Municipal Elections.

Greek Parliamentary Election Voting Live 2019

1. Greek Parliamentary Election will be held on 7 July 2019.

2. Greek conservative party well placed ahead of the snap election.

3. Greek conservatives win big in local elections.

4. Greek Leader Calls for Surprise Early Elections.

The Electoral system of Greece

All voters are called up to vote, with registration being automatic and voting being mandatory. However, none of the legally existing penalties or sanctions has ever been enforced.

A number of changes to the electoral system were introduced since the September 2015 election. Greece lowered its voting age from 18 to 17 in July 2016. Additionally, the same law abolished the majority bonus system which had been used in previous elections, which gave a 50-seat bonus to the largest party, replacing it with a simple proportional representation system in which all 300 seats are awarded proportionally. However, this law will not come into effect for the 2019 elections, as it was not approved with the required supermajority. The Syriza-led government expressed support for the introduction of the new system in the 2019 elections as well. The number of parliamentary constituencies was also modified in December 2018, with Athens B being split into Athens B1 (North), Athens B2 (West), and Athens B3 (South), while Attica was split to East Attica and West Attica. The extension of the franchise to Greeks living outside of Greece is also under discussion, but it is unclear if it will be approved in time for the 2019 election.

In the 2019 elections, 250 seats will be distributed on the basis of proportional representation in the constituencies, with a threshold of 3% of those who voted required for entry into parliament. Blank and invalid votes, as well as votes cast for parties that fall short of the 3% threshold of those who voted, will be disregarded for seat allocation purposes. 50 additional seats will be awarded as a majority bonus to the party that emerges with a plurality of votes, with coalitions in that regard not being counted as an overall party but having their votes counted separately for each party in the coalition, according to the election law. The parliamentary majority will be achieved by the party or coalition of parties that will command at least one half plus one (151 out of 300) of total seats.

Greek Parliamentary Election 2019 Opinion Poll


Polling firm Date Sample size Potami ANEL PE KINAL EL Lead
Pulse RC/Skai 10–12 Jun 2019 1,356 7.3 3.4 9.1
MRB/Star 10–12 Jun 2019 1,003 7.3 3.0 9.0
Metron Analysis/Alpha TV 3–5 Jun 2019 1,201 7.7 2.5 10.2
Pulse RC/Skai 30 May–1 Jun 2019 1,358 1.6 1.6 8.6 4.3 9.7
2019 EP election 26 May 2019 N/A 1.5 0.8 1.6 7.7 4.2 9.4
MRB/Star 6–8 May 2019 ? 1.9 7.5 2.0 8.9


Greek election results 2019 

Party Votes % Seats +/–
New Democracy 2,251,426 39.85 158 +83
Syriza 1,781,180 31.53 86 –59
Movement for Change 457,527 8.10 22 +5
Communist Party of Greece 299,595 5.30 15 0
Greek Solution 208,806 3.70 10 New
MeRA25 194,233 3.44 9 New
Golden Dawn 165,711 2.93 0 –18
Course of Freedom 82,673 1.46 0 New
Union of Centrists 70,161 1.24 0 –9
Recreate Greece 41,647 0.74 0 0
United Popular Front 28,269 0.50 0 0
Antarsya 23,191 0.41 0 0
Popular Unity 15,930 0.28 0 0
Greek Assembly 14,173 0.25 0 0
Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist) 7,778 0.14 0 0
Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Greece 2,791 0.05 0 0
Workers Revolutionary Party 1,993 0.04 0 0
Organisation of Internationalist Communists of Greece 1,675 0.03 0 0
Syn…Fonia Politikon Kommaton 96 0.00 0 0
Independents 472 0.01 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 120,172
Total 5,769,542 100 300 0
Registered voters/turnout 9,962,261 57.91

Greek past election results 


Candidate Supporting Parties 1st Round 2nd Round Total seats
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Kostas Bakoyannis Nea Dimokratia 136,688 41.35 11 161,286 56.06 20 31
Evangelos Apostolou SYRIZA 61,961 18.75 5 126,428 43.94 5 10
Athanasios Giannopoulos EPAL 47,609 14.40 4       4
Apostolos Gletsos Golden Dawn 29,867 9.04 2       2
Georgios Marinos [fr] KKE 29,191 8.83 2       2
Konstantinos Chainas DIMAR 14,115 4.27 1       1
Vassilis Zoumbos ANTARSYA 11,093 3.36 1       1
1 2 3 4 38