German federal election 2017 Results Dates Opinion Poll Candidates Parties

German federal election 2017 Results Dates Opinion Poll Candidates Parties

German federal election 2017 Results Dates Opinion Poll Candidates Parties Voting Voter List 2017 Exit Polls, Past German federal election Results, German Parliamentary Elections Results 2017 by party, German Cabinet Ministers list, German Prime Ministers List, German Presidents list, Bundestag, Germany

German federal election Dates 2017

German federal election 2017 Dates Schedule When: 24 September 2017

Federal elections will be held in Germany on 24 September 2017 to elect the members of the Bundestag.

German law requires that the next election should take place on a Sunday between 46-48 months after the assembly's first sitting. Since the current Bundestag first sat on 22 October 2013, the latest date for the next election is 22 October 2017 (a Sunday).

At the previous federal election, in 2013, the incumbent government—composed of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), the Christian Social Union (CSU, the CDU's Bavarian sister party), and the Free Democratic Party (FDP)—failed to achieve a majority of seats. The FDP failed to get over 5% of the vote, denying the party seats in the Bundestag for the first time in their history. In contrast, the CDU/CSU obtained their best result since 1990, with nearly 42% of the vote and just short of 50% of the seats. The CDU/CSU successfully negotiated with the Social Democrats (SPD) to form a grand coalition for the third time


Electoral system of Germany

The Bundestag has 598 nominal members, elected for a four-year term. Half, 299 members, are elected in single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting, while a further 299 members are allocated from party lists to achieve a proportional distribution in the legislature, conducted according to a form of proportional representation called the Mixed member proportional representation system (MMP). Voters vote once for a constituency representative, and a second time for a party, and the lists are used to make the party balances match the distribution of second votes. Seats are allocated using the Sainte-Laguë method. If a party receives more seats than its vote share entitles it to (overhang seats), additional "compensatory" seats are added to the total of 299 to give other parties a proportional number of seats.
Voters have two votes, one for the candidate in the single-member constituency and one for the party list in the multi-member constituency.


German Federal Election Opinion Poll 2017

Polling firm
Fieldwork date Sample size CDU/CSU SPD
Lead By     Angela Merkel Martin Schulz
2013 federal election 22-09-2013 N/A 41.5 25.7
Allensbach 6–19 Mar 2017 1397 34 33
Allensbach 1–15 Feb 2017 1542 33 30.5
Allensbach 5–19 Jan 2017 1441 36 23
Civey 4–10 Apr 2017 7544 35.1 30.1


Parties and leaders

This is a list of the parties (and their respective leaders) which would likely participate in the election.

Party Ideology Leader(s)
  Christian Democratic Union (CDU) Christian democracy, Liberal conservatism Angela Merkel
  Social Democratic Party (SPD) Social democracy Sigmar Gabriel
  The Left Democratic socialism, Left-wing populism Katja Kipping, Bernd Riexinger
  Alliance '90/The Greens Green politics, Ecologism, Social Liberalism Cem Özdemir, Simone Peter
  Christian Social Union (CSU) Bavarian regionalism, Christian democracy Horst Seehofer
  Free Democratic Party (FDP) Liberalism, Classical liberalism Christian Lindner
  Alternative for Germany (AfD) Right-wing populism, Euroscepticism Frauke Petry


German federal election Results 2013



Seats +/−  %
Christian Democratic Union (CDU)[a] 255 61 40.5
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 193 47 30.5
The Left (DIE LINKE) 64 12 10.2
Alliance '90/The Greens (GRÜNE) 63 5 10
Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU)[a] 56 11 8.9
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 0 93 0