Polish Parliamentary Election 2019 Voting Live
Polish Parliamentary Election Dates 2019
Polish Parliamentary Election Date: 13 October 2019
The next Polish parliamentary elections will be held on 13 October 2019. All 460 members of the Sejm and 100 senators will be elected.
Elections in Poland refers to the election process as well as the election results in Poland. Poland has a multi-party political system. On the national level, Poland elects the head of state – the president – and a legislature. There are also various local elections, referendums and elections to the European Parliament.
Poland has a long history of public elections dating back several centuries, beginning with the elections to Sejm in Łęczyca (known as the First Sejm) in 1182. Notably, since the Sejm of 1493, Polish kings were obliged to call regular Sejms and regional elections (sejmiks) every two years. From 1573 until 1795 the state system of elective monarchy in Poland required the royal elections of monarchs as well during the Sejm proceedings.
The first modern and free elections in 20th-century-Poland were held in 1919, two months after Poland regained independence in 1918 from over more than a century of foreign partitions and colonization efforts by Austria, Prussia, and the Russian Empire. After the Second World War, Poland fell into the Soviet sphere of influence as a satellite state and became controlled by the communists, who rigged the elections of 1947 to ensure they controlled the entire Polish government. There were regular elections in Poland from that time on; however, no elections until the groundbreaking elections of 1989, marking the fall of communism, were free. The Polish communists secured a majority of the lower house seats in 1989, but also, for the first time in the Eastern Bloc history, allowed opposition parties to gain representation; therefore the election was semi-free. All subsequent elections, beginning with the 1991 election are considered fair and free.
Polish Parliamentary Election Voting Live 2019
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The Electoral system of Polish
The 460 members of the Sejm are elected by open party-list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies. Seats are allocated using the D'hondt method, with a 5% threshold for single parties and 8% threshold for coalitions (although requirements waived for national minorities). The Senate is elected using first-past-the-post voting in single-member districts. Candidates for Deputies are nominated either by the electoral committees of the various political parties and or by individual voter committees.
Overall, the Sejm includes 460 MPs. Should a party have 231 or more deputies in Parliament, it has an absolute majority and could thus govern autonomously, without a coalition partner. The constitution can be amended with a supermajority of two-thirds of 307 deputies.
Polish Parties and leaders
|Name of the Party||Name of the Leader|
|Polish Coalition||Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz|
|Law and Justice||Jarosław Kaczyński|
|The Left||Włodzimierz Czarzasty|
|Civic Coalition||Grzegorz Schetyna|
Polish past election results
|Law and Justice (Prawo I Sprawiedliwość, PiS)||5,711,687||
235 / 460
61 / 100
|Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO)||3,661,474||
138 / 460
34 / 100
42 / 460
|Modern (Nowoczesna, .N)||1,155,370||
28 / 460
|United Left (Zjednoczona Lewica, ZL)||1,147,102||—||—|
|Polish People's Party (Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, PSL)||779,875||
16 / 460
1 / 100
|Together (Partia Razem)||550,349||—||—|
|Committee of Zbigniew Stonoga (KWW ZS)||42,731||—||—|
|German Minority (Mniejszość Niemiecka, MN)||27,530||
1 / 460
|United for Silesia (Zjednoczeni DLA Śląska, ZdŚ)||18,668||—||—|
|Committee of Grzegorz Braun "God Bless You!" (Szczęść Boże!)||13,113||—||—|
|Congress of the New Right (Kongres Nowej Prawicy, KNP)||4,852||—||—|
|Social Movement of the Republic of Poland (Ruch Społeczny)||3,941||—||—|
|Citizens to Parliament (Obywatele do Parlamentu, ODP)||1,964||—||—|
4 / 100