List of Presidents of Romania Term Party Birth Death Year, Head of state of Romania
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List of Presidents of Romania Term Party Birth Death Year, Head of state of Romania


List of Presidents of Romania Term Party Birth Death Year, Present Current President Romania, Romania Presidents list, Head of state of Romania

The President of Romania serves as the head of state of Romania. The office was created by the Communist leader Nicolae Ceaușescu in 1974 and has developed into its modern form after the Romanian Revolution and the adoption of the 1991 constitution.
The current President of Romania is Klaus Iohannis, who has served since 21 December 2014.

Romania Presidents ListsTerm of office Political Paty Age Birth Death 


Name Term of Office; Political Party
(Birth–Death) Electoral mandates
Ion Iliescu 20-Jun-90 29-Nov-96 Independent
(1930–) 1990, 1992
  The second President of Romania and the first to be democratically elected, Iliescu was an "independentsocial democrat." He earned a reputation as beingpopulist and charismatic after his handling of theMineriad's miner interventions in Bucharest. Under his term, the Constitution of Romania was introduced.
Emil Constantinescu 29-Nov-96 20-Dec-00 Independent
(1939–) 1996
  Constantinescu struggled with the slow implementation of the modernization and privatization process, which was bogged down by excessive bureaucracy. After another Mineriad in 1998, which ended with the arrest of Miron Cozma, his term suffered a political crisis between the majority parties. The country was further damaged by a drought in 2000. His term ended with little progress in economic privatization, as the state still controlled 80% of the economy.
Ion Iliescu 20-Dec-00 20-Dec-04 Independent
(1930–) 2000
  Iliescu was elected to his third non-consecutive term in 2000.
Traian Băsescu 20-Dec-04 20-Apr-07 Independent
(1951–) 2004
  Elected with the support of the right-leaning list PNL-PDL, Băsescu fought against political corruption and resolved a hostage crisis in Iraq, resulting in the rescue of three Romanian journalists. Băsescu also tackled the issue of homelessness in 2005, after a series of floods during the spring and summer.[citation needed] Despite the opposition of the Left, he publicly condemned the former Communist regime. Băsescu internationally aligned Romania closer to the United States, theEuropean Union and Serbia.[citation needed] He was impeached in 2007.
Nicolae Văcăroiu 20-Apr-07 23-May-07 Social Democratic Party
  Văcăroiu, the President of the Senate, served as Interim President following Băsescu's impeachment.
Traian Băsescu 23-May-07 10-Jul-12 Independent
(1951–) 2009
  After a 2007 referendum that overturned his parliamentary impeachment, Băsescu returned as President and was re-elected to a second time in 2009. During his term, Romania joined in the European Union. Băsescu was impeached a second time and was suspended on 10 July 2012.
Crin Antonescu 10-Jul-12 27-Aug-12 National Liberal Party
  Antonescu, the President of the Senate, served as Interim President, following Băsescu's second impeachment.
Traian Băsescu 27-Aug-12 21-Dec-14 Independent
(1951–) 2009
  The Romanian constitutional court invalidated the 2012 impeachment referendum because of its low turnout, allowing Băsescu to return as President. His second term was marked by a landslide victory by the opposition coalition in Parliament amid heavy losses for the presidential party.
Klaus Iohannis 24-Dec-14 Incumbent Independent
(1959–) 2014
  Won a surprise victory following electoral mismanagement by rival Victor Ponta's government. His platform focused on anti-corruption, judicial independence, and fiscal relaxation.


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